Reaching a verdict
- W - Mock trials, can’t generalise to real courtroom - people don’t take decision seriously - no consequence. S – Impossible to conduct research in real courtroom.
- W - Mainly student sample - not representative of a real jury which will have variety of ages, occupations. S - Easy and practical to collect student samples as willing to participate.
- W - Reductionist because it look at individual influences separately, rather than the whole experience of the courtroom, lacks useful applications. S - Enables a focus on specific courtroom situations and how the cognitions effect decisions – further understanding of how extraneous variables effect jury’s decisions.
- W - Decisions are made individually in research rather than as a group - this is not generalisable to a real jury. S - Useful for further research and useful in to understand how individual decisions are influenced.
- Free will/determinism: Are decisions of juries the result of free will are they determined by a series of social situational processes in the courtroom? S – Being deterministic enables us to correct issues in jury’s decisions.
- W - Ethnocentric - focuses on western society - can't generalise to other cultures, judicial systems e.g. America. S - Researchers should be cautious when generalising findings. Potentially generalisable to same judicial systems.