Tuesday, 19 April 2016

Past and Future questions Researching a verdict

Unit
Sub-unit
Study / example
Exam Questions
Reaching a Verdict
Persuading a jury
Pennington: Story order or witness order (primacy/recency)

Loftus: Effects of expert witness on jury perception of EWT

Pickel: Effect of evidence being ruled inadmissible
a)      What is the effect on a jury of evidence being ruled inadmissible in court? [10]
b)      Jan 2011: Evaluate the usefulness of research into persuading a jury [15]
c)      June 2011: What effect does the order in which testimony is presented have on persuading a jury [10]
d)      June 2011: Discuss limitations of research into persuading a jury [15]
e)      Jan 2013: Describe how persuasion can be used in a courtroom [10]
f)       Jan 2013: To what extent is research into persuading a jury useful [15]
g)      Describe research into the effect of order of testimony in a jury [10]
h)      Evaluate the methodology of research into persuading a jury [15]
i)        Describe how an eyewitness expert can influence courtroom behaviour [10]
j)        Describe one study examining whether it is more effective to present evidence in story order or witness order [10]                                                                                           
k)      Discuss problems relating to generalisation and validity from research investigating influences on jury decision making [15]




Witness appeal
Castellow: effects of physical attractiveness on verdicts

Penrod:  Effect of witness confidence on jurors

Ross: Impact of protective shields and videotaped testimony
a)      June 2010: Describe how the attractiveness of a defendant can influence courtroom behaviour [10]                                                                                                                                    
b)      June 2010: Evaluate the methodology used in research into witness appeal [15]  
c)      Jan 2012: Describe research into the effect of shields and videotape on children giving evidence [10]
d)      Jan 2012: Discuss difficulties which may be encountered when researching witness appeal [15]
e)      June 2013: Describe research into the effect of witness confidence in the courtroom [10]
f)       Jun2 2013: Assess the usefulness of research into witness appeal [15]
g)      Describe how the confidence of a witness can influence courtroom behaviour [10]
h)     Describe one piece of research which investigates the effects of shields and video tape on children giving evidence [10]                                                                                
i)        Discuss the validity of research into witness appeal [15]
Reaching a verdict
Hastie: Stages and influences on decision making

Asch  Power of majority influence and conformity

Nemeth: Minority influence
a)      June 2011: How might the view of the majority influence a jury when reaching a verdict [10]
b)      June 2011: Evaluate the application of research into what influences reaching a verdict in court [15]
c)      June 2012: Describe the stages of jury decision-making when reaching a verdict [10]
d)      June 2012: Discuss ethical issues when researching influences on reaching a verdict in court [15]
e)      June 2015: How can minority influence be used to effect juries decisions [10]
f)       June 2015: Discuss the validity of research into reaching a verdict [15]
g)      Describe one piece of research investigating the power of majority influence and conformity on group decision making [10]                                                                              
h)     Discuss problems associated with investigating jury decision making [15]                  
i)        Describe one piece of research investigating minority influence on decision making [10].                                                                                                                                             
j)        Evaluate methods of research into jury decision making [15]       

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