Tuesday, 19 April 2016

Past and Future questions Turning to Crime

Unit
Sub-unit
Study / example
Exam questions
Turning to Crime
Upbringing
Farrington & Juby: Disrupted families

Akers: Differential peer association – learning from others

Fafchamps: Poverty and crime





a)      Jan 2011: How can upbringing in a disrupted family explain criminal behaviour? [10]
b)     January 2011: Evaluate the use of longitudinal research when considering upbringing as an explanation of crime [15]
c)      Jan 2013: How can criminal behaviour be learnt from others [10]
d)     Jan 2013: Discuss the view that some people turn to crime because of their upbringing [15]
e)      Jan 2013: Evaluate methods of research investigating the influence of upbringing as an explanation for criminal behaviour [15]
f)       June 2014: How can upbringing in poverty and disadvantaged neighbourhoods explain criminal behaviour [10]
g)      June 2014: Evaluate the methodology used to investigate upbringing as an explanation of criminal behaviour [15]
h)     June 2015: Describe the link between disrupted families and criminal behaviour [10]
i)        June 2015: To what extent does research into upbringing as a cause of criminal behaviour support the nurture argument [15]
j)         
Cognition
Yochelson and Samenow: Criminal thinking patterns



Palmer and Hollin: Moral development and social cognition
a)      June 2010: Outline one piece of research into criminal thinking patterns [10]
b)      June 2010: To what extent does the cognitive approach provide an explanation of criminal behaviour? [15]
c)      June 2012: Describe how social cognition can explain criminal behaviour [10]
d)      June 2012: Evaluate the validity of research into cognitive explanations of criminal behaviour [15]
e)      June 2013: What does research into moral development tell us about criminal behaviour [10]
f)       June 2013: Discuss whether individuals have free will when turning to crime [15]
g)      Describe one study relating to social cognition [10]
h)     Evaluate cognitive explanations of criminal behaviour [15]

Biology
Raine: Understanding development of  aggressive and antisocial behaviour through brain dysfunction

Brunner: Violence in family with genetic abnormality

Dabbs: Testosterone, gender and crime
a)      Jan 2011: Outline how brain dysfunction can explain criminal behaviour [10]         
b)      Jan 2011: Evaluate individual (biological) explanations of criminal behaviour [15]   
c)      Jan 2012: Outline evidence which shows that genes may influence criminal behaviour [10]
d)      Jan 2012: To what extent are biological explanations of why people turn to crime reductionist [15]
e)      Jan 2010: Outline a biological explanation of why males commit more crimes than females [10]
f)       Jan 2010: To what extent does the biological approach provide an explanation of criminal behaviour? [15]






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